Miall, Edward

Interesting 1843 ALS to fellow reformer Thomas Beggs, good political content on on backing a candidate for Parliament

Price: $65.00

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(1809-1881) was an English journalist, apostle of disestablishment, founder of the Liberation Society, and Liberal Party politician. He was a Congregational minister and in 1841 founded "The Nonconformist", a weekly newspaper in which he advocated the cause of disestablishment. Miall saw that if the program of Nonconformity was to be carried through it must have more effective representation in Parliament. One of the first fruits of his work was the entrance of John Bright into Parliament and by 1852 40 Dissenters were members of the House of Commons, due largely to the efforts of the British Anti-State-Church Association, which Miall was instrumental in founding in 1844; it was renamed in 1853 the Society for the Liberation of Religion from State Patronage and Control, known for short as the Liberation Society. It never could secure a Parliamentary majority for disestablishment of the Church of England but the long fight for abolition of compulsory church-rates was successful in 1868, and then in 1870 Miall was prominent in discussions aroused by the Education Bill. He was an MP 1852-57 & 186074. In 1874 he retired from public life. Disestablishmentarianism refers to campaigns to sever links between church and state, particularly in relation to the Church of England as an established church. It was initially an 18th century movement in the UK. The established churches in Wales and Ireland could not count on even nominal adherence by a majority of the population of those countries. In Ireland, the predominantly Catholic population campaigned against the position of the established Anglican Church in Ireland eventually disestablished in Ireland from 1870. In England there was a campaign by Liberals, dissenters and nonconformists to disestablish the Church of England in the 19th century. The campaigners were called "Liberationists" (the "Liberation Society" founded by Miall in 1844). This campaign failed, but nearly all of the legal disabilities of nonconformists were gradually dismantled. The disestablishment campaign was revived in the 20th century when Parliament rejected the 1929 revision of the Book of Common Prayer, leading to calls for separation of Church and State to prevent political interference in matters of worship. The Church of England was disestablished in Wales in 1910, becoming the Church in Wales. The Church of Scotland was disestablished in 1929 but remains the largest church in Scotland. ALS, 1-3/4pp (1st and 2nd pp of 9 x 7 1/2 folded sheet, with address leaf), Tottenham (England), March 31 1843, to Thomas Beggs, Secretary, the Complete Suffrage Association, Nottingham. Miall apparently tries to advise Beggs in finding a way out of a problem in backing a candidate for Parliament from Nottingham between two contenders, a Joseph Sturge ("who would do more good out than in Parliament") and Mr. Gisburne (Thomas Gisborne), of whom Miall says: "...enthusiasm must be directed to the truth at issue rather than to the man that utters it and represents it...he must be worked for with the same energy as if he were a Sturge...". A lot more of interest. Things have not changed much in politics in 170 years! JOSEPH STURGE (1793-1859) English Quaker, abolitionist, and activist, founded the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (now Anti-Slavery International). He worked throughout his life supporting pacifism, working-class rights, and universal emancipation of slaves. In the late 1830s, he wrote 2 books about the Jamaican apprenticeship system which helped persuade Parliament to adopt an earlier full emancipation date. In Birmingham, Sturge became interested in Jamaica, visited it several times and witnessed firsthand the horrors of slavery, as well as the abuses under an apprenticeship system designed to control the labor of all former slaves above age 6 for 12 years. He worked for emancipation and abolition with Afro-Caribbean and English Baptists and Nonconformists. In 1837, Sturge founded the Central Negro Emancipation Committee, and in 1839, a year after abolition in the British dominions, he founded the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society to achieve emancipation and end slavery worldwide. The Society organized the 1st international conference, and the 1st devoted to abolition. The World's Anti-Slavery Convention occurred in June 1840 in London, attracting delegates from Europe, North America, and Caribbean countries, as well as Australia and Ireland; no delegates from Africa attended. It included women activists from the US, and many Nonconformers. The conference was notable within the women's suffrage movement due to delegates' having excluded women's participation before its opening. In 1841 Sturge travelled in the US with John Greenleaf Whittier to examine the slavery question there. In 1845, he visited Nottingham as a parliamentary candidate. On his return to England, Sturge supported the Chartist Movement. In 1842 he ran for Parliament for Nottingham but was defeated; he ran again in Birmingham in 1844 as a Chartist candidate and lost. He helped found the Peace Society and was instrumental in founding the Morning Star in 1855, a newspaper in which to promote the Peace Society and his other socially progressive ideas. THOMAS GISBORNE (1789-1852) English Whig and Liberal politician, MP variously between 1830-52. He was elected MP for Nottingham in 1843 and held the seat until his death in 1852. THOMAS BEGGS (?) variously secretary of the Health of Towns' Association and secretary of the Complete Suffrage Association. In 1846 he published "Three Lectures on the Moral Elevation of the People" and, in 1849, an essay on "The Cholera: the Claims of the Poor Upon the Rich". His 1849 " An inquiry into the Extent and Causes of Juvenile Depravity" recognized the close relationship between poverty and social deprivation on the one hand and crime on the other, but identified particularly the destructive results of intemperance.

Condition: Very good, remnants of black wax seal on address leaf.
Type:Letter






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