Merritt, Wesley

Major General in Civil War & Spanish-American War, fought at Gettysburg, captured Manila

Price: $110.00

Description:
(1836-1910) US Army cavalry general in Civil War, Indian Wars, and Spanish-American War. USMA 1860, in 1862 he was appointed a captain in the 2nd Cavalry and an ADC to Brig. Gen. Philip St. George Cooke, commanding the Army of the Potomac Cavalry. On June 29, 1863, he was appointed Brig. Gen. USV. On July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg, he joined in the assault on the Confederate right flank, following Pickett's Charge. Merritt took command of the 1st Division of the Cavalry Corps in December 1863. During Sheridan's 1864 Valley Campaigns, Merritt commanded the 1st Division, Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Shenandoah, routed CSA forces at the 3rd Battle of Winchester, and received a brevet promotion to Major General. He was 2nd-in-command to Sheridan during the Appomattox Campaign and was one of several commissioners for Lee's surrender. He was brevetted major general in the regular army in April 1865. In June 1865, Merritt was appointed to command Cavalry Forces of the Military Division of the Southwest, commanded by Sheridan. After the war's end, he was appointed lieut. colonel of the new 9th US Cavalry and in July 1867 was sent to command Fort Davis, Texas. He was made colonel of the 5th Cavalry July 1, 1876, which he led in the Indian wars. As colonel of the 5th Cavalry, Merritt was a member of the court of inquiry convened to consider the behavior of Major Marcus Reno at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. He was Superintendent at West Point 1882-87 when appointed brigadier general in the Regular Army, major general in 1895. After the defeat of the Spanish Navy at Manila Bay in 1898, the US began organizing ground forces to capture Manila. Merritt commanded the 8th Army which departed for the Philippines in June 1898. Merritt and Admiral Dewey arranged with the commander of the Spanish garrison at Luzon, to surrender the city after a token resistance. The city fell on August 13 and Merritt became the 1st American military governor of the Philippines until relieved on August 29 to advise the US delegation in the peace negotiations leading to the Treaty of Paris. 2 1/2 x 3 1/2 card signed as Major General US Army. Undated but post 1895.

Condition: Very Good, light overall toning
Type:Signed Card






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