White, Andrew D.

1891 TLS as (1st) former President of Cornell University

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1832-1918) American historian and educator, co-founder of Cornell University, its first president 1865-85, known for expanding the scope of college curriculae. He served as a New York state senator and was later appointed a diplomat to Germany and Russia, among other responsibilities. At Yale, White was a classmate and close friend of Daniel Coit Gilman, later 1st president of Johns Hopkins University. They served together on the Venezuela Boundary Commission 189596. He was a Professor of History and English Literature at the University of Michigan 1858-1863. He traveled to France and England 1862-63 to urge they assist the Union in the Civil War or at least not aid the Confederacy. In Nov. 1863, he was elected on the Union Party ticket to the New York State Senate where he met fellow senator Ezra Cornell. The senators were called on to decide how best to use higher education funding provided by the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act. White fervently argued that New York's money should endow one university. Cornell insisted it be located in his hometown of Ithaca and White convinced Cornell to give his name to the university. On Feb. 7, 1865, White introduced a bill "to establish the Cornell University" and, on April 27, 1865, Governor Fenton signed into law the bill endowing Cornell University as the state's land grant institution. White became its 1st president and served as a professor of history. While at Cornell, in 1871, he took leave to serve as a Commissioner to Santo Domingo at the request of President Grant to determine the feasibility of US annexation of the Dominican Republic. White was Ambassador to Germany 187981. On his return home, he was elected 1st president of the American Historical Association. Following his 1885 resignation as Cornell's president, White was Minister to Russia 1892-94, President of the US delegation to the 1899 The Hague Peace Conference, and again Ambassador to Germany 18971902. In the fall of 1916, President Wilson named White to a peace commission to prepare a treaty with China. His sizeable book collection is housed primarily in the Cornell Archives and in the Andrew Dickson White Reading Room (formally, the "President White Library of History and Political Science") at Uris Library on the Ithaca Campus. White amassed a collection of Mormon memorabilia (including many original copies of the Book of Mormon unmatched by any other institution outside the Church itself and Brigham Young University. His two-volume "A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom" (1896) became an extremely influential text on the relationship between religion and science. TLS "A.D. White" on 8 x 5 red printed "The Cornell University/Ithaca, New York" letterhead, 2pps (1st & 2nd pages of folded sheet), February 16 1891, to Robert Stein, US Geological Survey, Washington. President White declines to allow his name to be used in an unspecified plan, suggests Hon. Gardiner G. Hubbard (1822-1897, lawyer, financier, philanthropist, 1st president of the National Geographic Society, a founder and 1st president of the Bell Telephone Company; his daughter Mabel married Alexander Graham Bell). He corrects Stein's confusion regarding a US diplomat in an initialed postscript ("W").

Condition: Good, light toning at folds
Type:Letter






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