Ochs, Adolph S.

Progressive “New York Times” owner-publisher 1896-1935, crusaded against anti-semitism in American press

Price: $40.00

Description:
(1858-1935) US newspaper publisher, owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times (now Chattanooga Times Free Press). Cincinnati-born son of German-Jewish immigrants, who moved to Knoxville after Civil War, went to work at the Knoxville Chronicle at 11. At 19, he borrowed $250 to purchase controlling interest in The Chattanooga Times becoming its publisher. In 1878 he founded commercial paper, “The Tradesman”. A founder of the Southern Associated Press and served as president. In 1896, borrowed money to purchase The New York Times, a money-losing newspaper with a wide range of competitors in New York City. Formed the New York Times Co., placed the paper on a strong financial foundation, and became majority stockholder. Readership increased from 9,000 in 1896 to 780,000 by the 1920s. In 1904, Ochs moved the paper to a new building in Manhattan, which the City of New York renamed Times Square. On New Year's Eve 1904, he had his new building at One Times Square illuminated with a fireworks show from street level, a tradition continuing to the present. By its fairness in presentation of news, editorial moderation and ample foreign service, it became widely read and influential throughout the US. From 1896, it issued a weekly supplement, eventually called “The New York Times Book Review and Magazine”. Ochs became owner-editor of the Philadelphia Times 1901, later merged into the Philadelphia Public Ledger, sole owner 1902-12, sold to Cyrus H. K.Curtis. In 1884, Ochs married Effie Wise, daughter of Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise of Cincinnati, leading American exponent of Reform Judaism, founder of Hebrew Union College. Ochs built Mizpah Congregation Temple in Chattanooga 1928 in memory of his parents, designated a Tennessee Historical Preservation Site 1979. Ochs engaged in crusades against anti-Semitism and in the early years of the Anti-Defamation League, served as an executive board member, and used his influence to convince newspapers nationwide to cease unjustified caricaturing and lampooning of Jews in the press. Daughter Iphigene Bertha Ochs married Arthur Hays Sulzberger, “Times” publisher after Adolph died. Her son-in-law, Orvil Dryfoos, was publisher 1961–63, followed by her son Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger. Great-grandson Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. has been publisher of The New York Times since 1992. 1 3/4 x 3 1/4 signed slip accompanied by sheet of 16 unused 13c postage stamps honoring Ochs issued in 1976 by the USPS.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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