Jameson, Sir Leander Starr, 1st Baronet (ON HOLD)

Cecil Rhodes associate, led failed 1895 "Jameson Raid" in southern Africa to overthrow Boers in Transvaal

Price: $95.00

Description:
(1853-1917) British colonial politician, best known for "the Jameson Raid". He received a London education and medical degree. A University College Hospital physician, surgeon and anatomy demonstrator, his health broke down in 1878 and he went to South Africa, settling in Kimberly as a doctor. President Kruger and Matebele chief Lobengula were among his patients, and he met Cecil Rhodes. In 1888 he influenced Lobengula to grant concessions to Rhodes leading to formation of the British South Africa Company. When the Company opened up Mashonaland, Jameson joined the 1890 expedition, his fortunes now tied to Rhodes' schemes in the north. After the pioneer column occupied Mashonaland, he went to Manicaland, securing the greater part of it for the Company. In 1891 Jameson became Mashonaland Administrator. In 1895, Jameson led 500 men against the Boers in south Africa, later cited by Churchill as a major factor leading to the 1899-1902 Boer War. Their defeat was seen as a victory and Jameson as a daring hero. In Nov. 1895, a piece of strategic territory, part of the Bechuanaland Protectorate and bordering the Transvaal, was ceded to the Company by the Colonial Office, overtly to protect a railway thru the territory. Cape Colony PM Rhodes, Managing Director of the Company, was eager to bring South Africa under British dominion, and encouraged Uitlanders (foreign workers) in the Boer Republic to resist Afrikaner domination. Rhodes hoped to spark an uprising and overthrow the Transvaal government. Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain informed PM Lord Salisbury that an invasion would be launched, but not when. In 1895, Jameson massed his army outside the Transvaal and launched the Raid in December, pushing within 20 miles of Johannesburg before Boer forces forced surrender. Though sympathetic to the Raid's goals, Chamberlain ordered Rhodes to repudiate Jameson's actions and warned that the Company's Charter would be in danger if it were discovered that the Rhodes was involved in the Raid. The prisoners were returned to London for trial, and the Transvaal government received compensation from the Company. In 1893, he was a key figure in the First Matebele War. Rudyard Kipling wrote the poem "If-" with Jameson in mind, celebrating heroism, dignity, stoicism and courage in the face of the "Jameson Raid" disaster. Jameson, lionized by the press and London society, was tried, found guilty and sentenced to 15 months in prison, released the following Dec. on account of illness. The Raid depleted Matabeleland of soldiers and left the territory vulnerable. The Matebele revolted in March 1896 (celebrated in Zimbabwe as the First War of Independence the Second Matebele War) and hundreds of white settlers were killed; the war continued until October 1897 in Mashonaland. Jameson led the Progressive (British) Party in the Cape Colony 1903 and was Cape Colony PM 1904-08. Named a Privy Counselor March 1907, he led the Unionist Party (South Africa) 1910-12. Created a baronet 1911, he returned to England 1912. He is buried next to Rhodes in Matobo National Park in Zimbabwe. Closely cropped 1 x 4 1/4 signature with 15 1/2 x 10 1/2 color Vanity Fair "Spy" print titled "Dr. Jim". NOTE: Because of size of the print, extra shipping charge of $15 will apply. Can be purchased without print if desired. Jameson signatures are quite uncommon!

Condition: Good, signature is closely clipped; print is Very Good.
Type:Signature






[View Shopping Cart]
[Home] [Articles] [Biography] [Calendar]
[Catalogue] [Search]



enbainc@cs.com

Edward N. Bomsey Autographs, Inc.
7317 Farr Street
Annandale, VA 22003-2516
(703) 642-2040(phone & fax)




Home
Home

Articles
Articles

Biography
Biography

Calendar
Calendar

Catalogue
Catalogue

Search
Search