Begin, Menachem; Navon, Yitzhak; Katz, Yisrael

1979 document in Hebrew signed by the controversial PM (1978 Nobel Peace Prize laureate), the 5th President of Israel, and the developer of Israel's state welfare system

Price: $110.00

Description:
MENACHEM BEGIN (1913-1991) Polish-born founder of Irgun to fight British during Mandate. 1st Likud PM 1975-83. In 1978, Begin, with Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan and Defense Minister Ezer Weizman, negotiated the Camp David Accords, and in 1979 signed a peace treaty with Egypt’s President Anwar Sadat. Under the Treaty, Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt, a watershed moment in Middle-Eastern history, the first time an Arab state recognized Israel’s legitimacy. He received the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Sadat. In 1981 Begin ordered the bombing of Iraq's Tammuz nuclear reactor and enunciated the “Begin Doctrine”: "On no account shall we permit an enemy to develop weapons of mass destruction against the people of Israel." Authorized invasion of Lebanon in response to the attempted assassination of Israel’s ambassador to the UK. Its stated objective was to force the PLO out of rocket range of Israel's northern border; its unpopular, unvictorious escalation led to his Aug. 1983 resignation and withdrawal from public life. YITZHAK NAVON (1921-2015) Israeli politician, author, diplomat, 5th President of Israel 1978-83, member of center-left Alignment Party. He was the 1st Sephardic Israeli president and 1st born in Jerusalem, then within the British Mandate for Palestine. He studied Arabic and Islamic Studies at Hebrew University of Jerusalem and taught Hebrew literature. After WW II, Navon joined the Haganah's Arab Intelligence Unit working undercover in Jerusalem. He was fluent in Arabic, Hebrew, Ladino, French and English. In 1951, he became political secretary to Israel's 1st PM, David Ben-Gurion, appointed his bureau chief 1952, remaining in this position under PM Moshe Sharett. In 1963 Navon joined the Ministry of Education and Culture and began a long campaign fighting illiteracy in Israel. He ordered the mobilization of hundreds of women soldiers serving compulsory national service to teach in new schools. In 1965, he was elected to the Knesset as a member of Ben-Gurion's Rafi; it merged into the Israeli Labor Party (part of the Alignment) in 1968. He was deputy speaker of the Knesset and chairman of the Knesset Committee on Foreign and Defense Affairs. As President, Navon was better able to influence Sadat with a diplomatic approach than Likud PM Begin. However gains made were almost immediately jeopardized by Sadat's assassination and the invasion of Lebanon by the Israeli Army. Although the presidency is a ceremonial office, Navon was an outspoken advocate of a commission of inquiry to probe Israel's role in the Sabra and Shatila massacre perpetrated by Lebanese Falangists in 1982. In 1983, he declined to run for a 2nd term and returned to politics, only Israeli ex-president to do so. In 1984, he was elected to the Knesset and served as Minister of Education and Culture 1984-90. Remaining in the Knesset until 1992, he briefly left politics then emerged from retirement to chair a Commission of Inquiry on Israeli medical authorities' practice of discarding blood donated by Israelis of Ethiopian origin due to concerns about AIDS. YISRAEL KATZ (1927-2010) Austrian-born Israeli scholar, civil servant and politician, served as Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, one of the most influential people in Israel in the creation and development of the Israeli welfare state over several decades. Emigrated to Mandatory Palestine in 1938. On the eve of the 1948 Arab- Israeli War, he joined the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in the Intelligence Service. He returned to the Hebrew University 1948-49 then joined the Columbia University School of Social Work in 1951. He returned to Israel as a supervisor of special education. He earned a doctorate in Social Work Administration at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland 1959-61. Upon returning to Israel in 1962 he dedicated his efforts to establishment of the social work profession in Israel. He also served as an advisor to the Rafi party on social matters 1965-67. In 1968 Katz was appointed Director-General of the National Insurance Institute (NII), serving to 1973. During his tenure, several laws were implemented including child benefit and compensation for IDF veterans and their families, unemployment insurance, general disability insurance, and indexation of old age and survivors' benefits to average wages rather than to the cost-of-living index. In 1973 he was elected to the Knesset on the Labor Party list, but gave up his seat before the Knesset opened to establish the Brookdale Institute of Gerontology to research ageing in Israel. In 1977 he joined the Democratic Movement for Change which joined the 1st Begin government, and while not a Knesset member, he was appointed Minister of Labor and Welfare to 5 Aug. 1981. He directed legislation which transferred financial funding to the needy from the welfare offices to the NII as well as the law of nursing insurance which granted funding to pensioners in need of nursing care monetary or physical assistance. In 1982 he began and led, until 1992, the Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, to influence composition of Israel social policy according to values of social equality and justice. In Nov. 1996 Katz headed a commission to examine broad legislation on the subject of rights of people with disabilities. 9 1/2 x 6 3/4 DS in Hebrew, np (Tel Aviv), nd (1979), signed by President Yitzhak Navon, Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and Minister of Labor and Economics Yisrael Katz. Document translates as: "National Security Law (Amendment #35) 1979 Amendment par. 37: 1. In paragraph 37 of the National Security Law (?), 1968, replacing subparagraph B: B: In the circumstances mentioned in Section 1 of Paragraph 36, it shall not be viewed as a termination or contradiction of the substance of the matter in subparagraph 1 if it was done/the insured (??) for one of the following: 1. In order to accompany his child to a kindergarten or to a children's center or to another place where the minister has established as a place where children are found, according to an established order, (?) or to return him from there. 2. In order to fulfill the mitzvah of morning prayer in public in a synagogue where he is accustomed to pray. (Signed:) Yitzhak Navon/President of the State/Menachem Begin/Prime Minister/Yisrael Katz/Minister of Labor and Economics". It would appear that this was passed to exempt men from a particular requirement regarding state assistance.

Condition: Good light stains and wear, few margin tears, small holes above Katz's signature and below Begin's carefully repaired, 2 file holes at right side
Type:Document






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