Elkins, Stephen B.

Nice large official War Department card signed as Secretary, later West Virginia US Senator

Price: $25.00

Description:
(1841-1911) Ohio-born, Missouri-raised West Virginia industrialist and politician, Secretary of War 1891-93 (Harrison), New Mexico Territorial Delegate in Congress, West Virginia US Senator. After service in the Union Army as a militia captain in the 77th Missouri Infantry, he entered law practice of in Mesilla, New Mexico, and was elected to the territorial legislature in 1864 & 1865. He was appointed territory district attorney 1866-67. In 1867, Elkins served as territory attorney general and US district attorney 1867-70. He was elected territorial delegate to Congress in 1872, serving 1873-77. He founded and was president of the Santa Fe National Bank, with business interests in land, rail, mining, and finance, incl. president of the massive Maxwell Land Grant Co. He participated in the largest land speculation conspiracy in US history. Using his influence on politicians, Elkins patented Spanish and Mexican land grants in his name, illegally including himself as a legitimate heir to the grants. By collectively representing opposing parties in land disputes, he manipulated territorial government policy to illegally partition Spanish and Mexican land grants, a violation of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. He married the daughter of W. Va. US Senator Henry G. Davis and became a West Virginia citizen in 1878 and began developing oil, coal, and timber industries with his father-in-law., forming the Davis Coal and Coke Co. He served as Secretary of War in the Benj. Harrison Administration 1891-93. As such, he revived the rank of lieutenant general and got noncommissioned officers higher pay to improve the quality of the service. He also broadened intelligence functions of the Division of Military Information. After service as Secretary, he was elected to the US Senate from W. Va., serving 1895-1911. He is the namesake of Elkins, West Virginia. 3 3/4 x 5 card with purple-printed seal of the War Department, signed as Secretary of War, adding February 3 1893 date.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed official card






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