Faure, Edgar

French PM 1952 & 1955, one of the "Big Four" at the July 1955 Geneva Conference

Price: $25.00

Description:
(1908-1988) French politician, essayist, historian, memoirist. At 21 he became a member of the bar, the youngest lawyer in France to do so at the time. While living in Paris, he became active in Third Republic politics, and joined the Radical Party. During the WW II German occupation, he joined the Maquis and in 1942, fled to Charles De Gaulle's headquarters in Algiers, where he was made head of the Provisional Government of the Republic's legislative department. At the end of the war, he served as French counsel for the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials. In 1946, he was elected to Parliament as a Radical. While Radical Party popularity declined to less than 10% of the vote, no other party had a clear majority. Early on, his party played a disproportionately important role in formation of French governments. He was Prime Minister Jan.-Feb. 1952 and Feb.-Dec. 1955; he was also Foreign Minister Jan.-Feb. 1955. From 1949-73, he led 9 different ministries. Faure was a leader of the more conservative wing of the party, opposing the party's left under Pierre Mendes-France. His views changed during the Fourth Republic, and after initial opposition to the Fifth Republic (he voted against presidential election by universal suffrage in the 1962 referendum), he eventually became a Gaullist. De Gaulle's party, the Union for the New Republic, sent him on an unofficial mission to China in 1963. He declined to be a candidate in the 1974 presidential election, but supported Valery Giscard d'Estaing against Gaullist candidate Jacques Chaban-Delmas. He had the reputation of a careerist, nicknamed "weathercock". He was a member of the National Assembly 1946-58 from the department of Juras, and for the department of Doubs 1967-80. He was President of the National Assembly 1973-78, defeated for another term by Chaban-Delmas. He was a senator 1959-67 for Jura and again, in 1980, for Doubs. In 1978, he became a member of the Academie Francaise. Faure represented France at the July 1955 Geneva Summit Conference as one of "The Big Four", an attempt to restore mutual trust between East and West. Joining Faure were President Eisenhower, PM Anthony Eden, and Nikolai Bulganin and Nikita Khruschev of the USSR. They discussed European security, German reunification, disarmament and cultural and economic interchange. Although no agreements were reached, the meeting ended optimistically with directives for meetings of the foreign ministers later that year. Signed 4 x5 1/4 National Assembly notecard, name typed below signature. No place (Paris), undated.

Condition: Good, slight lignt staining at bottom, slight mount remnants verso
Type:Signed Official Card






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