Ribot, Alexandre-Felix-Joseph

New York bank signature card signed twice by the French politician, 4-time Prime Minister 1892-1917

Price: $25.00

Description:
(1842-1923) French politician, 4-time Prime Minister (1892-93, 1893, 1895, 1914, 1917). French lawyer, entered politics 1877, elected a moderate Republican Deputy 1888 for Boulogne and devoted himself to financial issues. He became a major Republican opponent of the Radicals, distinguishing himself by attacking Gambetta's ministry. He helped Clemenceau overthrow Ferry's ministry in 1885 but was defeated and did not re-enter the Chamber till 1887. He was Foreign Minister in 1890 in the Freycinet Cabinet, intimately acquainted with, and sympathetic to, English institutions and gave important direction to French policy with Russia, leading to the French fleet's 1891 visit to Kronstadt which ripened into a formal alliance. He retained his post in Loubet's 1892 ministry, and on its defeat became Council President, retaining foreign affairs. The government resigned in March 1893 and on Faure's election as President in Jan. 1895, again became PM and Minister of Finance. On 10 June he announced an alliance with Russia. On 30 Oct. the government resigned over mismanagement of the Madagascar expedition and alarming social conditions at home. On the 1898 fall of Meline's ministry Ribot couldn't form a cabinet of "conciliation." He opposed the Combes ministry and alliance with Jaures, and on 13 Jan. 1905 was a leader of the opposition which brought the fall of the cabinet. In 1906, he was elected to the Academy Francaise. In 1909, Ribot was elected to the Senate and in early 1910 refused the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Monis' cabinet. With the Poincare government in 1912, Ribot headed a committee to deal with the Franco-German treaty. In 1913 he was an unsuccessful candidate for presidency of the Republic, and refused President Poincaré's invitation to form a cabinet. On 9 June 9 1914, Ribot became PM and Minister of Justice, his government lasting one day. With the outbreak of WW I, his finance and foreign affairs expertise put him in office. In Aug. 1914 he became Minister of Finance in Viviani's Ministry of National Defense, which he retained when, in Oct. 1915, Aristide Briand became PM. When Briand juggled his Cabinet in Dec. 1916, Ribot retained Finance. On the fall of Briand's ministry, President Poincaré called on Ribot, and he took Foreign Affairs and the premiership. He made a fateful alliance with Russia and Great Britain that was called the Triple Entente. On 31 July, he admitted that in 1917 an agreement had been made with Tsar Nicholas II to form German territories on the left bank of the Rhine into an autonomous state, but denied any plan to annex them to France. His final ministry was during the most dismal part of WW I, with the failure of the Nivelle Offensive and the mutiny of French soldiers. He appointed Petain to head the military in March 1917. His government resigned 2 Sept. 1917, he accepted the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under Painleve 6 days later, resigning 16 Oct., after strong criticism of his refusal to "fall into the trap" of German peace offers. Printed 4 x 6 Guaranty Trust Co. of New York authorized individual account signature card with 2 signatures of Ribot on a lined brown slip mounted on the card, which has his name and "11 Quai d'Orsay, Paris" address in another hand with "c2316" written at top right corner. At left side diagonal of the twice-signed slip is some printing in French. Undated but 1910-1919. It would be interesting to know why Ribot needed a New York bank account!!

Condition: Very good, slight off-setting at right side
Type:Document






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