Magsaysay, Ramon

“The Idol of the Masses”, 7th Philippine President 1954-57, defeated Huk rebellion, killed in 1957 airplane crash

Price: $75.00

Description:
(1907-1957) 7th President of the Republic, served from 30 December 1953 until his death in a 1957 aircraft disaster, 1st Philippine President born in the 20th century. He served 2 terms as Liberal Party congressman for Zambales. At the outbreak of WW II, he joined the Philippine Army. When Bataan surrendered in 1942, he narrowly evaded Japanese arrest at least 4 times. He organized the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces, commissioned captain 5 April 1942. For 3 years, Magsaysay operated under Col. Merrill's famed guerrilla outfit and later commanded a 10,000 strong force. He was among those instrumental in clearing the Zambales coast of Japanese before the landing of US and Philippine troops 29 January 29 1945. On 22 April 1946, Magsaysay was elected under the Liberal Party to the Philippine House of Representatives. In 1948, President Roxas chose him to go to Washington to help secure passage of the Rogers Veterans Bill, giving benefits to Philippine veterans. In early August 1950, he offered President Quirino a plan to fight Communist Huk guerillas, using his WW II experience. Quirino appointed Magsaysay Secretary of National Defense 31 August 31 1950. The campaign against the Hukbalahap guerillas was successful in part due to unconventional methods he employed and developed with American adviser, General Edward Lansdale, distributing relief goods and other aid to outlying communities. Meeting with interference and obstruction from Quirino and his advisers, he resigned 28 February 1953, and became presidential candidate of the Nacionalista Party. In presidential elections 10 November 1953, Magsaysay defeated Quirino but his running mate lost to Senator Carlos P. García. As president, he was a close friend and supporter of the US and a vocal spokesman against communism during the Cold War. He led foundation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization by the Manila Pact of 1954 that aimed to defeat communist-Marxist movements in SE Asia, South Asia and the SW Pacific. He was the first Philippine president to wear a barong tagalog in his inauguration. His administration was considered one of the cleanest and most corruption-free, his presidency cited as the Philippines' Golden Years. Trade and industry flourished, the military was at its prime, and the Filipino people were given international recognition in sports, culture and foreign affairs. He worked to establish the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) which helped in the giving some 65,000 acres to 3,000 indigent families for settlement purposes then allocated another 25,000 acres to over 1,500 landless families who became farmers. By 1954, without the protection and support of local supporters, active Huk resistance was no longer a serious threat. The active coordination of the Magsaysay administration with the Japanese government led to the Reparation Agreement, obligating the Japanese government to pay $800M as reparation for war damages in the Philippines. His term was cut short by a plane crash on 16 March 1957, Vice President Carlos García serving out the last 8 months of Magsaysay's term. Some 5 million attended his burial on 31 March 1957. He was posthumously referred to by the people as the "Idol of the Masses". 10 x 8 ISP while President, signed & inscribed b&w bust photo of painting of Magsaysay, adding September 24 1954 date.

Condition: Very Good, slight crease and spot at left side
Type:Photograph






[View Shopping Cart]
[Home] [Articles] [Biography] [Calendar]
[Catalogue] [Search]



enbainc@cs.com

Edward N. Bomsey Autographs, Inc.
7317 Farr Street
Annandale, VA 22003-2516
(703) 642-2040(phone & fax)




Home
Home

Articles
Articles

Biography
Biography

Calendar
Calendar

Catalogue
Catalogue

Search
Search