Garcia, Carlos P.

Photograph signed & inscribed as 8th President of the Philippines 1957-61

Price: $30.00

Description:
(1896-1971) Filipino teacher, poet, orator, lawyer, public official, political economist and guerrilla leader, 8th President of the Philippines 1957-61. Earned 1923 law degree but worked as a teacher for 2 years at Bohol Provincial High School, becoming famous for his poetry. He began his political career in 1925, elected to Congress from Bohol, serving to 1931. Elected Governor of Bohol in 1933 serving until 1941 when he successfully ran for the Philippine Senate, term cut short by WW II. He took the post when Congress convened in 1945 after liberation from Japan. He was appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs by President Magsaysay for 4 years concurrently serving as Vice President. As Secretary, he opened reparation negotiations to end the 9-year technical state of war between Japan and the Philippines, leading to an agreement in April 1954. During the Geneva Conference on Korean unification and other Asian problems, García attacked communist promises in Asia and defended US policy in the Far East. He chaired the 8-nation Southeast Asian Security Conference in Manila in Sept. 1954, which led to the development of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). Vice President García was inaugurated as 8th President of the Philippines upon Magsaysay's death 17 March 1957. The Philippine Congress approved a bill outlawing the Communist Party, signed into law 19 June 1957 and the sustained government campaign for peace and order achieved considerable success. He exercised the Filipino First Policy, which heavily favored Filipino businessmen over foreign investors and was responsible for changes in retail trade that greatly affected Chinese businessmen in the country. His administration was characterized by its austerity program and a comprehensive nationalist policy. On March 3, 1960, he affirmed the need for complete economic freedom and that the government no longer would tolerate dominance of foreign interests (especially American) in the national economy. He was also credited with reviving Filipino cultural arts. During his Administration, he acted on the Bohlen–Serrano Agreement shortening leases of the US bases from 99 years to 25 years, renewable after every 5 years. At the end of his 2nd term, he ran for re–election but was defeated by VP Diosdado Macapagal, of the opposing Liberal Party – in the Philippines the President and the Vice President are elected separately. On June 1, 1971, García was elected to the 1971 Constitutional, the delegates electing him President of the Convention; days after he died of a heart attack. ISP, 3/4-lentth b&w 10 x 8 portrait in front of Filipino national seal likely as President, inscribed with sentiment to Admiral (Charles D.) Griffin.

Condition: Fair, sig & inscription are light but legible
Type:Photograph






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