Drayton, Percival

US Navy officer, led naval forces against forts defended by his brother Thomas, CSA general, in capture of Port Royal, So. Carolina in 1861; commanded Farragut's flagship at 1864 Battle of Mobile Bay

Price: $110.00

Description:
(1812-1865) So. Carolina-born US Navy officer in the Civil War, commanded naval forces against Confederate forts defended by his brother, CSA Gen. Thomas F. Drayton in the capture of Port Royal, So. Carolina in 1861. Son of prominent lawyer and unionist US Rep William Drayton, in 1833 the family relocated to Philadelphia following the Nullification Crisis. He was appointed president of the Second Bank of the United States; brother Thomas remained in So. Carolina. Percival Drayton was appointed a Navy midshipman Dec. 1827, initially serving in the South Atlantic, becoming in 1838 serving in the Mediterranean, Pacific, Atlantic, and shore duty at the Washington Naval Observatory and the New York Navy Yard. Promoted to Commander in 1855, Drayton served during the Paraguay Expedition, and at the onset of the Civil War was posted to the Philadelphia Navy Yard directing construction and renovation of ships for war service. In fall 1861, Commander Drayton was placed in command of the gunboat "Pocahontas", participating in the capture of Port Royal, South Carolina. Older brother Thomas F. Drayton, a West Point graduate and classmate of Jefferson Davis, was a CSA general commanding the forts destroyed in this engagement. Percival became commanding officer of the sloop "Pawnee", active in inshore operations off So. Carolina, Georgia and No. Florida through the summer of 1862, when promoted to Captain. In September 1862, he was given command of the ironclad "Passaic", overseeing her outfitting and working with john Ericsson to improve elements of monitor design. Drayton commanded his ship in attacks on Forts McAllister and Sumter March-April 1863, which reinforced his opinion concerning limitations of the monitor type when fighting against well-defended fortifications. His next assignment was as Superintendent of Ordnance at the New York Navy Yard. In Dec. 1863, he began a year as Fleet Captain in the West Gulf Blockading Squadron under ADM Farragut. Also commanding the squadron flagship "USS Hartford", he took part in the August 1864 Battle of Mobile Bay. Appointed Chief of the Bureau of Navigation late April 1865, he died in August. 10 x 8 LS on Bureau of Navigation, Navy Department, Washington engraved letterhead, May 22, 1865, "duplicate June 12th 1865 to Navy Yard, New York" written at top, to S. K. Luce, Late Acting Master, USN, USS Kaatskill [noted below to USS Pontiac], copy to Commodore Bell. Drayton, as Bureau Chief, accepts Luce's resignation as Acting Master. Docketed July 13 1865 by New York Navy Yard commandant Charles H. Bell on 4th page of folded sheet and by Lt. Cmdr. S. R. Luce on June 15. CHARLES H. BELL (1798-1875) US Navy officer in War of 1812, 2nd Barbary War, and the Civil War. As a midshipman, Bell served on the "Macedonian" under Decatur at Algiers. In the 1840s he commanded Navy ships in suppressing the slave trade, capturing 3 slavers off the African coast, one with 900+ captives. During the Mexican-American War he commanded a sloop-of-war on the African coast, disrupting the slave trade. At the onset of the Civil War he commanded the Mediterranean Squadron then the Pacific Squadron 1862-64. Promoted to commodore 1862, in 1864 commanded ships on the James River in Virginia. RADM 1866, retired 1868 after 3 years commanding the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

Condition: Very good, 2 folds
Type:Letter






[View Shopping Cart]
[Home] [Articles] [Biography] [Calendar]
[Catalogue] [Search]



enbainc@cs.com

Edward N. Bomsey Autographs, Inc.
7317 Farr Street
Annandale, VA 22003-2516
(703) 642-2040(phone & fax)




Home
Home

Articles
Articles

Biography
Biography

Calendar
Calendar

Catalogue
Catalogue

Search
Search