Cooper, Peter

Built 1st US locomotive, supervised laying of 1st transatlantic cable, invented Jell-O, 1876 presidential candidate

Price: $75.00

Description:
(1791-1883) American industrialist-inventor. He started a glue and isinglass factory ca. 1828, built Canton Iron Works near Baltimore 1830. Manufactured first American-made steam powered railroad locomotive called “Tom Thumb” which ran successfully on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Aug. 28, 1830. He erected a rolling mill and an iron mill in NYC, and was the first to successfully use anthracite coal to puddle iron. In 1845, he moved to Trenton, New Jersey and built the largest US rolling-mill to produce railroad iron and in 1854 oversaw production of the first structural wrought iron beam. He conceived the idea of having a free institute in New York, similar to the Polytechnic Institute in Paris, erected a building and endowed art schools, spending $600-700K for preparing young working class men and women for business. In 1858 he presented the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art to NYC. In 1854, Cooper helped form the New York, Newfoundland and London Telegraph Company, supervising the laying of the 1st transatlantic telegraph cable in 1858. He also patented the first gelatin dessert, later Jell-O. He was an active abolitionist, strong Union supporter in the Civil War, and an advocate of government-issued paper money. He organized the privately funded US Indian Commission dedicated to the protection and elevation of Native Americans and the elimination of warfare in the western territories. His efforts led to the formation of the Board of Indian Commissioners, which oversaw Grant's Peace Policy. He sponsored Indian delegations to Washington, NYC, and other Eastern cities 1870-75. Cooper was 1876 Greenback Party presidential candidate, campaign costing over $25K, election won by R. B. Hayes. Concluding portion of a contract on 4 1/4 x 8 lined paper, no place, no date, signed by Cooper and Alexander L. Whitelaw with small green seals at right of their signatures, with witnessing signature of Abram S. Hewitt. ABRAM S. HEWITT (1822–1903) American teacher, lawyer, iron manufacturer, chairman of the Democratic National Committee 1876-77, NY US Rep 1875-79 & 1881-86, and NYC Mayor 1887-88. He was the son-in-law of Peter Cooper, aided him in founding the Cooper Union 1859 and for planning the financing and construction of the 1st NYC subway line, for which he is considered the "Father of the New York City Subway System".

Condition: Very good, tiny piece missing at top right corner
Type:Signatures






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