Turner, Stansfield

1977 TLS as CIA Director regarding CIA participation in the Army War College’s Warsaw Pact seminars

Price: $85.00

Description:
(1923-2018) USNA 1947 (classmate of Jimmy Carter), Rhodes Scholar at Oxford while in the Navy, attended the Harvard Business School. Turner served for 30+ years in the Navy, participating in combat operations off the coast of Vietnam, commanding Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla 8 as RADM leading a task group in 1970–71 monitoring Soviet ships in the Mediterranean. He was President of the Naval War College 1972-74, 2nd Fleet CO 1974-75, promoted to ADM in 1975, NATO Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe until appointed to the CIA in 1977, retiring from active duty the end of 1978. At the CIA, he undertook controversial reforms. Turner sought to revamp the Agency by appointing high-ranking naval officers, the "Navy mafia", to leadership positions and also by fundamentally altering the CIA’s traditional methods of intelligence collection. Under Turner's direction, the CIA emphasized technical intelligence (TECHINT) and signals intelligence (SIGINT) over human intelligence (HUMINT). In 1979, he eliminated 820 operational positions, mostly in the clandestine service, in “the Halloween Massacre”. Turner also oversaw the beginning of “Operation Cyclone”, the CIA's program to arm guerrillas in the USSR-Afghan War. He also oversaw the CIA's responses to the Iranian Revolution and On March 12, 1980, President Carter and Turner presented Tony Mendez with the CIA's Intelligence Star for his role in the 28 January 1980 escape of 6 State Department personnel from Iran. After leaving the CIA in 1981, he entered the private sector, authored several books, and notably chastised the Bush Administration’s handling of the Iraq War. TLS “Stan Turner” on 10 ½ x 8 letterhead as CIA Director, Washington, March 23 1977, to Major General DeWitt Smith Jr., Commandant, Army War College, thanking him for kind words on his appointment to lead the CIA and invitation to the Agency to participate in Army War College seminars on the Warsaw Pact. He states that the CIA will send Kenneth Huck, Chief of the Air Forces Branch to the “Political and Military Warning” seminar but does not have a suitable representative from the Office of Strategic Research to join the seminar on logistical aspects of Warsaw Pact operations. He notes that the CIA and the Army War College “have enjoyed a long and fruitful association.” In a handwritten postscript, he hopes he and Smith can get together. DeWITT C. SMITH,JR. (1920 -1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. In 1942, he joined the Army, commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, served with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. Wounded 3 times, he was awarded the Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars, and 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged 1946, he returned to active duty in Korea and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Maxwell Taylor, served in the "Old Guard" at Fort Myer, and was a battalion XO and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. He led a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980.

Condition: Very good, pencil and pen dockets at top right corner.
Type:Letter






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