Wheeler, Earle G.

1964 TLS as Army Chief of Staff to Deputy Secretary of Defense Cyrus Vance, longest serving Joint Chiefs Chairman 1964-70

Price: $50.00

Description:
(1908-1975) USMA '32, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1964-70, longest-serving Chairman of the Joint Chiefs to date, serving 6 years. Commanded 2nd Armored Division 1958, III Corps 1959, Director of the Joint Staff 1960. In 1962 he was briefly Deputy Commander of US Forces in Europe before being named Army Chief of Staff later that year. In 1964 he succeeded Maxwell Taylor as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Wheeler was a surprising choice owing to his relative lack of combat experience. Wheeler oversaw and supported the expanding us military role in the Vietnam War, consistently backing field commander requests for additional troops and operating authority. He often urged President Johnson to strike harder at North Vietnam and expand aerial bombing campaigns, concerned with minimizing costs to ground troops. This earned him a reputation as a "hawk." With General Wm. C. Westmoreland and President Johnson, he pushed to raise additional US forces after the February 1968 Tet Offensive. He also was concerned that the buildup in Vietnam depleted US military capabilities in other parts of the world. He called for 205,000 additional ground troops by mobilizing reserves, but intended these remain home as an active reserve. After the election of President Nixon, Wheeler oversaw implementation of the "Vietnamization" program, whereby South Vietnamese forces assumed increasing responsibility as American forces were withdrawn. In 1973 he revealed that he had, on the personal orders of President Nixon, directed secret and highly controversial, bombing missions over Cambodia in 1969-70. He retired from the Army in July 1970. TLS as General, US Army on 8 x 7 letterhead as Army Chief of Staff, (Washington), January 29 1964, to Deputy Secretary of Defense Cyrus R. Vance (“Cy”). As Vance has requested, Wheeler has deleted Lt. Col. Smith’s name from the current Army War College list, having been designated a deferred principal to attend the 1965-66 course at the AWC. He will still be assigned to Vance’s office at the Pentagon. DeWITT C. SMITH,JR. (1920 -1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. In 1942, he joined the Army, commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, served with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. Wounded 3 times, he was awarded the Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars, and 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged 1946, he returned to active duty in Korea and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Maxwell Taylor, served in the "Old Guard" at Fort Myer, and was a battalion XO and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. He led a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980. CYRUS R. VANCE (1917-2002) Secretary of State 1977-80 (Carter). General Counsel for Department of Defense 1960, Secretary of the Army 1962, Deputy Defense Secretary 1963-67. In May 1968 Johnson chose Vance as deputy chief delegate to the Vietnam peace talks in Paris under Averell Harriman. As Secretary of State, Vance continued policy of détente with USSR, worked to procure 1979 SALT II arms control treaty, played crucial role in 1978 Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel. He resigned from the Cabinet in opposition to Carter's 1980 abortive mission to secure the release of captive US diplomats in Iran.

Condition: Very good
Type:Letter






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