Cushman Jr., Robert E.

1974 TLS as 25th Marine Corps Commandant, to the Army War College Commandant regarding Corps participation on an Army War College program

Price: $50.00

Description:
(1914-1985) USNA 1935, 25th Marine Corps Commandant 1972-1975, commanded all Marine forces in Vietnam June-Dec. 1967 and served as CIA Deputy Director 1969-71. In Feb. 1936, he was platoon commander with the 4th Marines in China, later the 2nd Marine Brigade, promoted to 1st lieut. Aug. 1938, and to captain March 1941. In June 1941, Capt. Cushman reported aboard USS Pennsylvania to Pearl Harbor as CO of the ships Marine detachment, serving as such when the Japanese attacked the ship Dec. 7, 1941. Major Cushman went to the Pacific Jan. 1943, appointed CO, 2nd Btn, 9th Marines, promoted to lieut. colonel. He led his battalion repeatedly into combat, earning the Bronze Star with Combat V on Bougainville, the Navy Cross on Guam, and the Legion of Merit with Combat V for Iwo Jima, where 2 of his companies were nearly wiped out when trapped in a defilade later called "Cushman's Pocket. Upon his return in May 1945, LtCol Cushman was stationed at Quantico for 3 years. He was with the CIA Oct. 1949-May 1951, promoted to colonel May 1950. In July 1956, he took command of the 2nd Marine Regt. at Camp LeJeune and from Feb. 1957, served 4 years on the staff of then-Vice President Nixon as Asst. to the Vice President for National Security Affairs, promoted to brig. General July 1958. BGen Cushman became asst. commander, 3rd Marine Div. on Okinawa March 1961, promoted to major general Aug. 1961 and in September assumed Division command. Major General Cushman went to Vietnam April 1967 as deputy commander, III Marine Amphibious Force, promoted to lieut. general June 1967 on assuming duty as commanding general, largest combined combat unit ever led by a Marine. On March 6, 1969, while in Vietnam, he was nominated by President Nixon to be deputy CIA Director, serving April 1969-Dec. 1971. He was promoted to general and assumed the Office of Corps Commandant Jan. 1, 1972, retiring in 1975. During his tenure, he saw the last Marines leave Vietnam and peacetime strength fall to 194,000 while maintaining readiness to act in such emergencies as the Mayaguez incident and the evacuations of Phnom Penh and Saigon. TLS on 8 x 7 letterhead as USMC General and Corps Commandant, Washington, October 17 1974, to Major General DeWitt C. Smith Jr., Commandant, Army War College. General Cushman thanks General Smith for his letter inviting the Marine Corps to participate as a member of the General Purpose Forces Panel in conjunction with an AWC course of instruction on force-level objectives planning. The Marines are happy to participate and will provide a staff officer as a panelist. He designates Col. Joseph J. Went as point of contact. With envelope. DeWITT C. SMITH,JR. (1920 -1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. Joined the Army 1942, commissioned 2nd lieutenant, with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. Wounded 3 times, awarded Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars, and 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged 1946, returned to active duty in Korea and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Maxwell Taylor, served in the "Old Guard" at Fort Myer, a battalion XO and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. Led a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980. JOSEPH J. WENT (b. 1930) USMC 4-star general, his last assignment was as Asst. Corps Commandant and Chief of Staff. He retired in 1990 after 38 years of service.

Condition: Very good, light pencil dockets top right
Type:Letter






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