Kroesen Jr., Frederick J.

1978 TLS as Army Vice Chief of Staff, in active combat in WW II, Korea and Vietnam, attacked by terrorist Bader-Meinhofg Gang in Heidelberg in 1981 while heading NATO Central Army Group

Price: $30.00

Description:
(b. 1923) 4-star General, Commanding General of the 7th Army and led NATO’s Central Army Group 1979-83, US Army Forces Command Commanding General 1976-78, Army Vice Chief of Staff 1978-79. He led troops in WW II, Korea and Vietnam, one of the very small number who ever was entitled to wear the Combat Infantryman Badge with 2 Stars, denoting active combat in 3 wars. In 1944 General Kroesen was commissioned through the Infantry OCS at Fort Benning, Ga., then fought in WW II with the 254th Infantry Regt., 63rd Infantry Div., as a company grade officer, platoon leader, and company commander in the fighting in the Colmar Pocket and into Germany. He participated in the particularly tough fighting in Jebsheim. During the Korean War Kroesen served with the 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team. In Vietnam, Kroesen commanded the 196th Light Infantry Brigade of the Americal Division in 1968. He was an adviser to the assistant chief of staff, J-3, in Vietnam, and then served as commander of the 23rd Infantry Div., deputy commander, XXIV Corps, and commanding general, First Regional Assistance Command. As Commander of the US Army Forces Command, General Kroesen was injured in Heidelberg on Sept. 15, 1981, when his armored Mercedes was targeted with an RPG-7 anti-tank rocket. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the “Kommando Gudrun Ensslin” of the Red Army Faction (Beider -Meinhof Gang). In 1991, West German prosecutors inicted former East German secret police leader Erich Mielke for collusion with the attack. After retiring from the Army in 1983, Kroesen became a businessman. TLS “Fritz” on 8 ˝ x 7 4-star letterhead as General, US Army and Vice Chief of Staff, Washington, November 7 1978, to “Dee” (Major General DeWitt C. Smith Jr., Commandant, Army War College. Kroesen accepts invitation (to visit the AWC) and plans for the day but would like some time with the SSI while he is there, noting that shy Meyer tells him “they can give me a pretty good strategic appraisal of the world.” He will come to dinner with his “date” (his wife). DeWITT C. SMITH,JR. (1920 -1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. Joined the Army 1942, commissioned 2nd lieutenant, with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. Wounded 3 times, awarded Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars, and 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged 1946, returned to active duty in Korea and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Maxwell Taylor, served in the "Old Guard" at Fort Myer, a battalion XO and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. Led a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980. SSI, the Strategic Studies Institute, is the Army’s institute for strategic and national security research and analysis, part of the Army War College. EDWARD C. “SHY” MEYER (b. 1928) is a retired Army General, at the Pentagon in 1975 as asst. deputy chief and deputy chief of staff for operations and plans until 1979. He was 29th Army Chief of Staff 1979-83.

Condition: Very good, initialed ink docket by General Smith at top right and pencil docket
Type:Letter






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