Richardson, Elliot L.

Only one of 4 persons to hold 4 different Cabinet positions, resigned as Nixon’s Attorney General rather than fire Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox in the 1973 watergate-related “Saturday Night Massacre”

Price: $40.00

Description:
(1920-1999) Boston-born lawyer and politician, member of the Cabinets of Presidents Nixon and Ford. As Attorney General, he was a prominent figure in the Watergate scandal, resigning his office rather than obey President Nixon’s order to fire Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox in “the Saturday Night Massacre.” He served as HEW Secretary 1970-73, Defense Secretary Jan-May 1973, Attorney General May-Oct. 1973, and Commerce Secretary 1976-77, one of only 2 (George P. Shultz the other) to have held 4 Cabinet positions. Graduate of Harvard 1941 and Harvard Law 1947 after WW II service as a combat medic with the 4th Infantry, landing at Utah Beach on Normandy as a platoon leader. He was US Attorney for Massachusetts 1959-61, then elected Mass. Lieut. Gov. and state attorney general. Richardson served as Secretary of Defense for 4 months before becoming Nixon's Attorney General, which would put him in the Watergate spotlight. In Oct. 1973, after Richardson had served 5 months as Attorney General, President Nixon ordered him to fire the Watergate scandal Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. Richardson had promised Congress he would not interfere with the Special Prosecutor, and rather than disobey the President or break his promise, he resigned. Nixon then ordered Deputy Attorney General Wm. Ruckelshaus to fire Cox but he also promised not to interfere and also resigned. The 3rd in command, Solicitor General Robert Bork planned to resign after firing Cox, but Richardson persuaded him not to sop as to ensure proper leadership at the Justice Department during the crisis. In the Ford administration, he served as Ambassador to the UK 1975-76 and Secretary of Commerce 1976-77. He was an Ambassador at Large and Special Representative of President Carter for the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and led the US delegation to the 3rd UN Conference on the Law of the Sea 1977-80. In 1984, he lost the GOP nomination for the US Senate and in the late 80s-early 90s was associated with the Washington office of the NYC law firm of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCoy. In 1998, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor. Signed white 3 x 5 card signed in blue ink.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed card






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