Burnet, William (ON HOLD)

1721 MsDS as colonial Governor of New York ordering executors to appear before him in a dispute over a will involving an old Dutch family

Price: $395.00

Description:
(1688-1729) British colonial Governor of New York and New Jersey (1720-28) and Massachusetts and New Hampshire (1728–29). Born in The Hague, his father was the leading theologian in the Dutch court of William of Orange (his godfather) and wife Mary; after the 1688 Glorious Revolution, William and Mary ascended to the English throne. Burnet's father gave the Coronation sermon and was elevated to Bishop of Salisbury. Burnet was well educated, tutored by Sir Isaac Newton and others, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, proposed by Newton. His observations of eclipses of Jupiter’s moons while Governor of New York were used to more precisely determine New York City's longitude. He occupied no posts of importance until financial considerations and political connections brought him the governorships of New York and New Jersey appointed by King George I. His New Jersey tenure was without major controversy, but he set a precedent there for accepting bribes in exchange for his assent to legislation. While in New York he briefly met young Benjamin Franklin and encouraged his intellectual pursuits. In New York he sought unsuccessfully to end the Albany-Montreal fur trade to implement a policy preferring direct trade with Native Americans in central North America. His rule there was marked by an increase in political divisions between powerful landowners (with whom Burnet sided) and merchants. In 1723 Burnet learned the French were constructing Fort Niagara at the western end of Lake Ontario, a clear threat to British attempts to control the fur trade. He ordered construction of Fort Oswego at the mouth of the Oswego River which not only upset Albany traders but also the French because it gave the British direct access to Lake Ontario and the Iroquois. After the 1727 death of George I, renewal of royal commissions was required. George II gave New York and New Jersey governorships to Col. John Montgomerie and Burnet was appointed Governor of Massachusetts and New Hampshire, leaving New York in July for Boston. His New Hampshire tenure was inconsequential, but he engaged in a nasty dispute with the Massachusetts Assembly over his salary, holding the Assembly in session for 6 months and relocating it first to Salem and then to Cambridge, increasing legislators’ costs and forcing many from the comforts of their Boston-area homes. The dispute held up other colonial business, and was ongoing when Burnet, en route from Cambridge to Boston on 31 August, was thrown into water when his carriage accidentally overturned. He fell ill, and died in September, interred in the King’s Chapel Burying Ground in Boston. 12 ½ x 7 ¾ uncommon MsDS as Governor of New York, orders the executors of the last will and testament of Cornelia Depeyster to produce witnesses to prove the will before Governor Burnet and that witnesses to the codicils also attend to be reexamined. Below, an order granting a slight extension is given, signed by an official. On the verso, the same official orders the codicils be annexed to Cornelia’s will. CORNELIUS DEPEYSTER (De Peyster) (1673-1749) was the son and an executor of the estate of his mother, CORNELIA LUBBERTSE van ELBURCH (1632-1721). She was born in Haarlem, The Netherlands, and died in New York, the wife of Johannes De Peyster. Along with Cornelius, she was the mother of Abraham De Peyster, New York mayor 1691-94, and Johannes De Peyster, mayor 1698-99. Ca. 1699, son Abraham donated some of his land to build a new city hall, later renamed Federal Hall, briefly the 1st capitol of the United States, and the site of Washington’s 1st presidential inauguration.

Condition: Very good, inlaid at edges, some see-thru from heavy ink, one ink acid hole slightly affects one letter in body
Type:Document






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