Polk, James K. & Buchanan, James

1848 erroneous vellum appointment of the 1st US Charge d’Affaires to the Papal States signed by President Polk and Secretary of State (future President) Buchanan

Price: $2250.00

Description:
JAMES K. POLK (1795-1849) Tennessee US Rep & House Speaker, President 1845-49, died 3 months after leaving office. His administration most noted for territorial gains owing to the Mexican-American War. JAMES BUCHANAN (1791-1868) Penna. US Rep 1821-31 & Senator 1834-45, Minister to Russia 1832-34, Secretary of State 1845-49 (Polk), Minister to Great Britain 1853-56. President 1857-61, his failure of leadership helped bring about the Civil War. 14 x 16 1/2 partly printed vellum DS as President, Washington, March 13 1848, signed also by Secretary of State James Buchanan, appointment of Joshua L. Martin as Charge d’Affaires to the Papal States. With white seal at lower left. Two president-signed documents are uncommon and desirable and that the appointment names the wrong person for the job is even rarer! The US established diplomatic relations with the Papal States when Jacob L. Martin was received in Rome Aug. 19, 1848, as the 1st US Chargé d’Affaires Near the Papal States. Martin was Chief Clerk of the State Department July 16, 1840-March 5, 1841; for 2 days, March 4-5, 1841 he was interim Secretary of State. A Protestant, Martin was chosen as Chargé d’Affaires to the Holy See over a few candidates who were openly friendly to Vatican. He reached Rome Aug. 2, 1848 but hesitated to enter the city owing to continuing revolution. He presented his credentials to the Holy See Aug. 19, 1848 but died 7 days later. Lewis Cass was accredited on Nov. 19, 1849, as the new US Chargé d’Affaires. The American mission to the Papal States closed in 1867 after Congress refused to fund the mission any longer. There were several reasons for this, ranging from religious feeling to domestic politics in the US to American sympathies for the Italian unification movement. JOSHUA L. MARTIN (1799-1856) 12th Governor of Alabama (D) 1845-47, US Rep 1835-39. First elected to Congress as a Jacksonian, he changed to the Democratic Party when elected to the 25th Congress. In 1845 he opposed Democratic leaders and ran as an independent for governor, defeating the Democratic candidate; Democrats never forgave him for his action, although he denied the Whig Party any chance to win the office that year. During his term of office, the state capitol was moved from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery and he saw to the dissolution of the state bank which he had perceived as crooked. He initially ran for reelection in 1847 but withdrew. After his term as governor, he returned to law practice in Tuscaloosa.

Condition: Good, descending loop of “J” in Buchanan’s signature a tad light, engrossing light but legible. slight wrinkling at sides will mat out; top left corner teat, slight teat at top right corner; mount temnants verso; both signatures are dark!
Type:Document






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