Muhlenberg, Frederick A. C. (ON HOLD)

Uncommon 1795 MsDS while First Speaker of the US House of Representatives

Price: $250.00

Description:
(1750-1801) Lutheran pastor and Pennsylvania politician, US Rep and first Speaker of the US House of Representatives 1789-97. He was a delegate to the Pennsylvania state constitutional convention. His father, Heinrich Melchior, was considered the founder of the Lutheran Church in America and his brother Peter was a Continental Army general. In 1769, he attended the University of Halle studying theology, ordained by the Pennsylvania Ministerium as a Lutheran minister Oct. 25, 1770. He preached in Stroudsburg and Lebanon, Penna. 1770-74, and in New York City 1774-76. When the British entered New York at the onset of the Revolutionary War, he returned to his home in Trappe. He moved to New Hanover Township and was pastor there and in Oley and New Goshenhoppen to August 1779. Muhlenberg was a member of the Continental Congress in 1779 and 1780 and served in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives 1780-83, elected its Speaker Nov. 3, 1780. He was a delegate to, and chairman of, the Pennsylvania state constitutional convention in 1787 called to ratify the Federal Constitution. On Sept. 28, 1789, Speaker of the House Muhlenberg and Vice President John Adams signed the enrolled copy of the 1st proposed amendments to the new Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights. On April 29, 1796, as chairman of the Committee of the Whole, he cast the deciding vote for the laws necessary to carry out the Jay Treaty. In 1794, during his 2nd term as Speaker, the House voted 42-41 against a proposal to translate some laws into German. Muhlenberg, who abstained from the vote, commented later, "the faster the Germans become Americans, the better it will be.” Despite not having voted against the bill, the “Muhlenberg Legend” developed in which he was supposedly responsible for prohibiting German as an official language of the United States. According to another legend, Muhlenberg also suggested that the title of the President of the United States should be "Mr. President" instead of "His High Mightiness" or "His Elected Majesty", as John Adams had suggested. He was later president of Pennsylvania’s council of censors and was appointed receiver general of the Pennsylvania Land Office 1800-01. After his death, the Township of Muhlenberg, Penna., was named for him. 6 x 7 ¾ MsDS while Speaker of the US House of Representatives, no place, February 1 1795, receipt of 156 pounds, 7 shillings, 6 pence from D. Clymer in payment of a debt and interest by court order.

Condition: Very good, folds, docketing on verso, inconsequential staining at right top & bottom edges
Type:Document






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