Clarke, Bruce C.

Ca. 1974 ANS sending copies of papers on leadership, the WW II St. Vith counteroffensive (Battle of the Bulge), 1944 v. 1974 tank warfare, and a copy of a letter from another general praising General Montgomery at St. Vith

Price: $50.00

Description:
(1901-1988) USMA 1925, US Army general, served in WW I, WW II, and in Korea. He led the Continental Army Command 1958–60 was Commander, US Army 1960-62, and commanded US Army, Pacific 1954-56. He dropped out of high school to enlist in the Army in 1917, appointed to West Point through the NY National Guard, graduated with a Corps of Engineers commission. He also earned a Cornell civil engineering degree and an LL.B. from LaSalle Extension University, also an equivalent graduate of the National War College, credited with starting the Non-Commissioned Officers Academy system. During WW I, Clarke served in the Coast Artillery Corps. In WW II, as colonel and brigadier general, he led Combat Command A (CCA) of the 4th Armored Div. in Patton’s 3rd Army, leading it to victory over a superior German armored force at Arracourt in Sept. 1944. In December, Clarke led the relief of St. Vith during the Battle of the Bulge, which slowed the German attack. General Eisenhower later credited Clarke's actions as the "turning point" in that battle. During the Korean War, Clarke led the 1st Armored Div. 1951-53 at Fort Hood, then transferred to Korea to command I Corps in 1953 and X Corps 1953-54, and also trained the First Republic of Korea Army. He was Commanding General, US Army Pacific in Hawaii 1954-56, then commanded 7th Army in Germany 1956-58. Promoted to four-star general, led the Continental Army Command 1958-60, heading the entire Army school system which then had 250,000+ participants. From 1960-62 he was Commander in Chief of US Army Europe before retiring in 1962. In 1971 the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite for the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States conferred upon Clarke, a 33rd Degree Freemason, the Grand Cross of the Court of Honor, the highest Masonic award, with only 11 holders out of 600,000 Freemasons in the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite. ANS on his 5 ½ x 4 personal MEMO notepaper, no place, Oct. 18, ny (likely 1974) to "Dee" (Major General DeWitt C. Smith Jr., US Army War College Commandant), in total: “Had a very interesting 2 days at [Fort] Benning kicking these around. Of interest? Best wishes, Bruce”. With: 1) unsigned copy of a 2pp draft paper “From Leadership to Commandership” by General Bruce C. Clarke, Ret.; 2) unsigned copy of “St. Vith: Counter-Offensive” by General Bruce C. Clarke, 3pp + title sheet and campaign map copy; 3) copy of a letter from Gen. Clarke to General W. E. Dupuy, Commanding General TRADOC, Fort Monroe, Va., Sept. 10, 1974 commenting on Depuy’s assertion that “the tank of 1974 is at least four times as lethal as the tank of 1944”; 4) copy of a 1974 letter from retied Major General R. W. Hasbrouck to Clarke on St. Vith, in which he expresses indignation at Generals Hodges and Ridgeway (sic) and appreciation for General Montgomery for their actions at St. Vith. Very interesting papers! DeWITT C. SMITH, JR. (1920-1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. In 1942, he joined the US Army and commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, served with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. He was wounded 3 times and awarded the Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars for Valor, 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged in 1946, he returned to active duty for the Korean War and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Gen. Maxwell Taylor, served in the "Old Guard" at Fort Myer, and was a battalion executive officer and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. He commanded a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry Div. in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980.

Condition: Very good, slight clip stain at top of Memo, letter to Depuy light but legible
Type:ANS






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