Lemnitzer, Lyman L.

1980 TLS of the WW II general, Korean War division commander, Army Chief of staff and Joint Chiefs Chairman during Cuba Bay of Pigs crisis and early Vietnam involvement

Price: $25.00

Description:
(1899-1988) US Army General, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1960-62, Supreme Allied Commander of NATO 1963-69. USMA 1920, staff officer, promoted to Brigadier General June 1942. As Eisenhower's Deputy Chief of Staff in London, helped plan invasions of North Africa and Sicily. Promoted to Major General Nov. 1944, Deputy to Field Marshal Alexander in Mediterranean Theater, one of the senior officers sent to negotiate surrender of Italian Fascists and Germany's surrender. After WW II, he was assigned to the Joint Chiefs of Staff Strategic Survey Committee, later named National War College Deputy Commandant. In 1950, at age 51, he took parachute training and was given command of the 11th Airborne Div., then assigned to Korea in command of the 7th Infantry Div. Nov. 1951, promoted to Lieut. General Aug. 1952. In March 1955, he was promoted to General and named commander of US Army forces in the Far East and of the Eighth Army. He was named Army Chief of Staff July 1957 and appointed Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Sept. 1960. As Chairman, he weathered the Bay of Pigs crisis and early years of US involvement in Vietnam. He approved "Operation Northwoods" in 1962, a plan to discredit the Castro regime and create support for military action against Cuba by developing "a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities and even in Washington". Lemnitzer presented the plan to Secretary of Defense McNamara March 13, 1962 and 3 days later President Kennedy told him that there was no chance the US would take military action against Cuba. A few months after the denial of "Operation Northwoods", Lemnitzer was denied another term as JCS Chairman. In Nov. 1962, he was appointed Commander of US Forces in Europe, and Supreme Allied Commander of NATO Jan. 1963-July 1969, covering the 1963-64 Cyprus crisis and the 1966 withdrawal of NATO forces from France. He retired July 1969. In 1975, President Ford appointed him to the Commission on CIA Activities within the United States (a/k/a the Rockefeller Commission) to investigate whether the CIA had committed acts that violated US laws and allegations that E. Howard Hunt and Frank Sturgis of Watergate infamy were involved in the assassination of President Kennedy. TLS “Lem” as General, US Army (Ret.), on 8 ˝ x 7 4-star flag letterhead, Washington, January 17 1980, to Major General DeWitt C. Smith, Commandant, US Army War College. Lemnnitzer thanks Smith for his “get well” message and holiday greetings from the Army War College Family. Lemnitzer is getting along well and is grateful for his doctors’ assurance of a complete recovery. With envelope. DeWITT C. SMITH, JR. (1920-1985) US Army officer, former deputy Army Chief of Staff, twice (and longest-serving) Army War College commandant 1974 -77, 1978-80. In 1942, he joined the US Army and commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, served with the 4th Armored Div. in combat after Normandy to the end of the War. He was wounded 3 times and awarded the Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars for Valor, 3 Purple Hearts. Discharged in 1946, he returned to active duty for the Korean War and stayed in the military. He was an aide to Chief of Staff Gen. Maxwell Taylor, served in the "Old Guard" at Fort Myer, and was a battalion executive officer and commander in Germany. He served at the Pentagon before going to the Army War College. He commanded a combat brigade of the 1st Infantry Div. in Vietnam. In 1970, under his leadership, Fort Carson, Colo. was made an initial test site for the modern volunteer Army concept. After his stints at the War College, he retired in 1980.

Condition: Very good, faint partial clip stain/ indent top left
Type:Letter






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