Brandt, Willy

In person signature of the West Berlin mayor, West German chancellor 1969-74, awarded 1971 Nobel Peace Prize

Price: $25.00

Description:
(b. Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm, 1913-1992) German statesman, led German Social Democratic Party (SPD) 1964-1987, West German Chancellor 1969-74, awarded the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to strengthen cooperation in western Europe through the EEC and to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and eastern Europe. He fled to Norway then Sweden during the Nazi regime working as a leftwing journalist, taking name “Willy Brandt” to avoid detection by Nazi agents; he formally adopted the name in 1948. He earned initial fame as Governing Mayor of West Berlin, was Foreign Minister & Vice Chancellor in Kurt Kiesinger’s Cabinet, becoming Chancellor in 1969. As Chancellor, he maintained West Germany's close alignment with the US and focused on strengthening German integration in west Europe while launching his “Ostpolitik” policy aimed at improving East Europe relations. He was controversial on the right for Ostpolitik, and on the left for supporting US policies, incl. the Vietnam War and rightist authoritarian regimes. He was known for fierce anti-communist domestic policies, culminating in the 1972 Anti-Radical Decree. He was Berlin’s mayor 1957-66, during a period of increasing East-West tension that led to construction of the Berlin Wall. In his 1st year as Mayor, he was also president of the Bundesrat in Bonn. Brandt and was an outspoken critic of Soviet repression of the 1956 Hungarian uprising and of Khruschev’s 1958 proposal that Berlin have the status of a “free city.” He accomplished much in the way of urban development. In 1966 a coalition with the Free Democratic Party (FDP) was formed, Brandt as Foreign Minister and as 5th Vice Chancellor. In 1969, he was elected Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, actively creating a degree of rapprochement with East Germany and improving relations with the USSR and East Bloc countries. In 1971, Brandt received the Nobel Peace Prize for improving relations with the Eastern Bloc. He negotiated a peace treaty with Poland, and agreements on boundaries between the countries, signifying the official end of WW II; he negotiated parallel treaties and agreements with Czechoslovakia. Though best known for foreign policy achievements, his government oversaw broad major social reforms. After 1972 elections, he remained Chancellor but lost his Bundestag majority. Around 1973, West German security organizations learned that one of Brandt's personal assistants, Gunter Guillaume, was spying for East German intelligence. Guillaume was arrested 24 April 1974; Brandt resigned as Chancellor 6 May 1974, but remained in the Bundestag and as SDP chairman to 1987. He was Socialist international president 1976-92. In late 1989, he became one of the 1st West German leftist leaders to publicly favor quick German reunification. A European Parliament building in Brussels was named after him in 2008. Frameable yellow 3 ½ x 5 autograph album page signed in person.

Condition: Very good
Type:Autograph album page






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