George VI (ON HOLD)

September 1939 DS of King George VI, appointment of Canada’s Minister to the US 20 days after declaring war on Germany, signed also by Canadian PM & FM W. L. Mackenzie King

Price: $595.00

Description:
KING GEORGE VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 1895-1952) King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth 1936 to his death in 1952, last Emperor of India and first Head of the Commonwealth. As 2nd son of George V, he spent his early life in the shadow of elder brother Edward. He served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force in WW I and in 1920 was made Duke of York. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon 1923 and they had 2 daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. In the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for a stammer which he never fully overcame, told in the 2010 AA-winning film, “The King’s Speech.” His elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII upon the death of their father in 1936 and that year Edward revealed his desire to marry divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson. PM Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for political and religious reasons he could not marry a divorced woman and remain king so Edward abdicated and George ascended the throne as 3rd monarch of the House of Windsor. During his reign, the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated. The Irish Free State parliament removed direct mention of the monarch from the country’s constitution the day of his accession, and in 1937, the new Irish constitution changed the name of the state to Ireland and established the office of President. From 1939, the Empire and Commonwealth, except Ireland, was at war with Germany and in 1940 and 1941, with Italy and Japan, respectively. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately victorious, the US and USSR became preeminent world powers and the British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, George remained king of both countries, relinquishing the title of Emperor of India in 1948. Ireland formally became a republic and left the Commonwealth in 1949; India became a republic within the Commonwealth in 1950. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth. Beset by smoking-related health problems in the later years of his reign, he was succeeded by elder daughter Elizabeth I. He became king when public faith in the monarchy was at a low ebb. During his reign his people endured hardships of war, and imperial power was eroded. However, as a dutiful family man and by showing personal courage, he succeeded in restoring the monarchy’s popularity. The George Cross and George Medal were founded at his suggestion during the WW II to recognize acts of exceptional civilian bravery; he bestowed the George Cross on the entire “island fortress of Malta” in 1943. Posthumously awarded the Ordre de la Liberation by the French government in 1960, one of only 2 (the other, Churchill) awarded the medal after 1946. A number of geographical features, roads, and institutions are named after him. WILLIAM L. MACKENZIE KING (1874-1950, known as Mackenzie King) Dominant 1920s-40s Canadian political leader, 10th PM (Liberal Party) of Canada 1921–26, 1926–30 and 1935–48. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout WW II (1939-45) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining morale on the home front. The longest-serving PM in Canadian history, he played a major role in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state. He became Liberal Party leader in 1919, taking the helm of a party bitterly torn apart during the WW I. He reconciled factions, unified the Party and led it to victory in the 1921 election. His party was out of office in the harshest days of the Great Depression in Canada, 1930-35, returning when the economy was on an upswing. He personally handled complex relations with the Prairie Provinces, while top aides LaPointe and St. Laurent skillfully met the demands of French Canadians. During WW II, he avoided battles over conscription, patriotism and ethnicity that divided Canada so deeply in WW I. King lacked the charisma of FDR, Churchill or De Gaulle and had no commanding presence or oratorical skill; his best writing was academic and did not resonate with the electorate. Cold and tactless in human relations, he had many political allies but very few close personal friends. He never married and lacked a hostess whose charm could substitute for his chill. He kept secret his beliefs in spiritualism and used mediums to stay in contact with departed associates and particularly with his mother, and let his intense spirituality distort his understanding of Hitler throughout the late 1930s. Partly printed 16 ½ x 20 ¼ DS headed “George the Sixth” as King, St. James', September 23 1939, signed at lower right by Canada’s Secretary of State for External Affairs (and Prime Minister) W. L. Mackenzie King. The King appoints Loring Cheney Christie, Esq. as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington to represent the interests of the Dominion of Canada. White embossed seal at top left below “George R.I.” signature; white embossed seal of the Secretary of State for External Affairs at lower right. Germany invaded Poland on September 1 and Great Britain declared war on Germany on September 3, and Canada declared war on Germany on September 10. LORING CHENEY CHRISTIE (1885-1941) Nova Scotia-born Canadian diplomat, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the US 1939 until his death in office in 1941. BA Arcadia University 1905, LLB Harvard 1909, an editor of the Harvard Law Review. In 1913, Christie became a legal adviser to the Department of External Affairs, an adviser to Prime Minister Robert Borden on international problems and his assistant during WW I. He was with Borden at the 1917 & 1918 meetings of the Imperial War Cabinet and the Washington Conference. He resigned from the civil service in 1923 and worked at a London financial company 1923-26. He was special assistant to the Chairman of Ontario Hydro 1927-29, and legal adviser to Beauharnois Light Heat and Power Co. 1929-35. He rejoined the Department of External Affairs in 1935.

Condition: Very good, 2 folds, signatures tad light but most apparent
Type:Document






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